India's democratic processes "on the road to a sharp decline": report

 The V-Dame Institute’s Democracy Report included India between countries such as Brazil, Poland, the United States and Hungary, which have experienced significant authoritarian slippage.

New Delhi: India is losing its democratic status as the space reserved for the media, civil society and the opposition has shrunk sharply during the government of Prime Minister Narendra Mod. .

Founded in 2014, V-Dame is an independent research institute at the University of Gothenburg that has published an annual informative report on global democracy since 2017. As the name suggests, this report looks at the state of democracies worldwide. The institute calls itself the largest democracy data collection project in the world.



The 2020 report, titled ocr Autoclicity Surges - Resistance Grow, begins with figures that show that the soul of democracy is declining globally.

For the first time since 2001, sovereignty is in the majority, with 54 percent of the world’s population living in 92 countries, the report said.

It states that the major G20 countries and all regions of the world are now part of the “third wave of autocracy” affecting large economies with large populations such as India, Brazil, the United States and Turkey. “India has lost its status as a democracy and continues on the path of a stable recession,” the report states.


Attacks on freedom of expression and media freedom now affect 31 countries, up from 19 years ago. In addition, autocratic countries (one of which is India) have fallen by an average of 13% over the last 10 years and the right to peaceful assembly and demonstration in these countries has fallen by an average of 14%.


This report is unbalanced because it reflects the fact that automatic critique of slides is a global phenomenon that affects all sectors. “Sub-Saharan Africa is the only region in the world where a large portion of the population is still affected by democracy rather than autocracy,” it notes.


The report includes a method for weighting the population to obtain a Liberal Democratic Index (LDI) (which measures the average level of democracy based on the size of the population, i.e., how many people it affects). The index combines measures to examine the quality of elections, the franchising proposal, freedom of expression and the media, trade unions and civil society, the executive and the rule of law. The report describes in detail the methods used to present the figures in this index.


The report noted that India is moving towards a system of autocracy in terms of population.


The report lists the ten largest recovering countries by the magnitude of the LDI change over the past 10 years. As the table below shows, India is still listed as an electoral democracy. However, the report warns that the signs of a recession are obvious.



Together with Hungary, Poland and Brazil, the report states that India’s development states that “the first steps towards autocracy are an end to media freedom and a halt to society”.


The report "plunges into freedom of the press as a result of increased repression by Indian civil society in connection with the current Hindu-nationalist regime of Prime Minister Narendra Mod."


The decline in press freedom in India is often linked to increased accusations from journalists (from treason to defamation) as well as news reports and increased lawsuits against writers. Many international bodies have called for the generosity of the Mod government in this regard.


At the same time, the centralized cell index tracking cell is aware of India’s poor ranking in the global press freedom index, and its recommendations are expected to arrive soon.


Read also: Britain’s most popular minister, Sage Kresz, felt the heat of Indian independence


The repressive actions in the Indian media speak of a resemblance to a paragraph in the Hungarian climate report that the V-Dame Institute has recently recognized as the most extreme case of the country’s democratic recession.


As a reflection of the growing acceptance of totalitarianism in global politics, the report repeatedly mentions the first member of the European Union to host the autocratic administration of the Hungarian elections. Victor Orban, appointed to portray undemocratic leaders with the victories of Mod, Donald Trump and Jair Bolsonaro, has passed legislation to promote a media environment that doesn’t even allow for Greta Thunberg’s report.


The now attractive social media report was originally published in March 2020 under the Peaceful Citizenship (Change) Act.

Originally published in March 2020, the report, which has now received a social media appeal, recalled the peaceful citizenship (change) law that prevailed throughout India, which was due to restrictions on access to the streets of COVID and had to change. Online. -19 epidemic. It does not take into account the new human rights violations and new attacks on freedom of the press that took place during the blockade, nor the cases brought against the protesters against the CAA in the coming months.


The main pillars of Indian democracy, including parliamentary procedures, the removal of Question Time from the Parliament House and the independence of the judiciary, have been questioned since the report was published.


Significantly, one of the first photographs used in the reports is of an Indian burqa woman holding a plank and saying, "We want democracy, not dictatorship."


This is not the first time an international watchdog has questioned Indian democracy. For example, in the 2019 Democracy Index released in January, India fell to 10th place with 51st - a significant decline. The report has been prepared by The Economist Group's intelligence service.


The index classified India as “flawed democracies” defined as free and fair elections, and countries where fundamental rights are respected but governance is significantly weaker, underdeveloped political culture and political participation are low.

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